New Subclade Found In Haplogroup E
I had taken this article down some time ago. However, I am seeing new sites and forums that actually quote from this article and my research.
originally published in June,2013
This was originally thought to be a West African specific haplogroup, however this has changed within the last few years. An influx of people, who identify themselves as Caucasian, are showing up with this haplogroup. This theory was eventually proven fact when the Pharaoh Ramses/ Ramesses III was determined to be E1b1a. Ramses’ father, Userkhaure-setepenre Setnakhte (or Setnakht) was the first king of the 20th dynasty and a “usurper” to the throne. Most likely he was of paternal Berber lineage.
Clearly, he was not of sub-Saharan African origin. We know now the progenitor of the E1b1a lineage was a Caucasoid phenotype. The E1b1a haplogroup is spread among the peoples of Northern and Western Africa, but several haplotypes of Europeans, who have E1b1a, do not have Black African ancestry. These haplotypes are elder lines in the tree, and are becoming more frequent among Italian, Spanish, Portuguese, French and British men. Many still claim this is due to the Arab slave trade, but those taken during this time were exclusively female for the ruling classes’ harems. Hence, any argument regarding a Y chromosome is null, as Y is only passed along male-to-male lines.
This branch of the E haplogroup lineage, E-Z365, was born in North Africa about 15,000 years ago. As the Sahara dried, many of the E1b1a lineage migrated south into sub-Saharan Africa, while the Caucasoid branch (E-Z365) remained in North Africa. More recently, some of our relatives took part in the spread across much of Southern and Central Europe. This is evident by three SNPs discovered (Z148, Z191, and Z365) which do not exist in sub-Saharan Africans or their descendants.
The new SNPs were discovered by National Geographic Geno 2.0. SNPs for the Illumina iSelect HD chip platform one and a half years ago. The resulting chip includes approximately 146,000 SNPs. In addition:
<blockquote>”they were vetted against Family Tree DNA’s ‘Walk Through the Y’ samples. Many new terminal branches will be gained and, according to Bennett Greenspan, this will completely replace the deep clade test currently offered by Family Tree DNA.”</blockquote>
This <a href=”http://www.familytreedna.com/public/E1b1a/default.aspx?section=yresults” target=”_blank”>link </a>is for an E1b1a group. It shows participants from the Geno 2.0 Project.
And with subsequent <a href=”http://www.familytreedna.com/public/E1b1a/default.aspx?section=ysnp” target=”_blank”>SNP testing</a>.
Testing positive for Z148+, Z191+, Z365+ are N98448 = Clark; earliest known ancestor Beau/David leclerc/Clark 1700s
France haplogroup E1b1a B2455= haplogroup E1b1a7a M191
At this DNA group no other E1b1a or subclades have the SNPs Z148+, Z191+, Z365+
Testing positive for <a href=”http://www.familytreedna.com/public/e3b/default.aspx?section=ysnp” target=”_blank”>Z148+, Z191+, Z365+</a> at [http://www.familytreedna.com/public/e3b/default.aspx?section=ysnp] are listed with E1b1b1a1 and E1b1b1a1b ; members of E-M78 and E-M84.
I have reached the same outcome as the other groups; that only subclades of E1b1b carry these SNPs within the E haplogroups with the exception of the anomalous <a href=”http://www.familytreedna.com/public/frenchheritage/default.aspx?section=ysnp” target=”_blank”>E1b1a subclades</a> at http://www.familytreedna.com/public/frenchheritage/default.aspx?section=ysnp
There is one more E1b1a subclade, once again from France:
N28521 = Martin earliest ancestor; Jean Martin (1630 Périgueux, Dordogne, Aquitaine, France haplogroup E1b1a8.
In conclusion we know that the progenitor of the E1b1a (Z148+, Z191+, Z365+), that we have named E-Z365 lineage is exclusively Caucasian/European . Research is still ongoing, so nothing as of yet is “written in stone”.